The taxable income for resident taxpayers of the Netherlands

Last updated: 18-09-2020

If an individual qualifies as a resident taxpayer of the Netherlands, he/she is in essence subject to Dutch personal income tax for his/her worldwide income.

The most important exception to this rule is the expatriate who officially qualifies as a resident taxpayer of the Netherlands, but who has opted for the partial non-residence status on the basis of the 30%-ruling.

This partial non-residence status implies that the individual will be taxed as a non-resident for income from substantial shareholding (Box 2 income) and income from savings and investments (Box 3 income). For income from labor and main residence (Box 1 income) the individual is treated as a resident taxpayer of the Netherlands (with the exception of US nationals to whom special rules apply).

Another important exception to the worldwide taxation of resident taxpayers comes from applicable tax treaties the Netherlands concluded with other countries.

If a Dutch resident taxpayer receives certain categories of income from a country which concluded a tax treaty with the Netherlands, this tax treaty can oblige the Netherlands to provide relief for double taxation (tax exemption or tax credit) on this foreign sourced income.

For determining the taxable basis and the tax due, the income of the taxpayer must be allocated to a certain box. There are 3 boxes of income. Every box has its own rules with regard to the way the income must be computed and every box has different applicable tax rates.

Box 1 relates to income from labor and main residence (including income from employment and income from sole proprietorship) (in Dutch: “inkomen uit werk en woning”). Box 2 relates to income from substantial shareholding (in Dutch: “inkomen uit aanmerkelijk belang”) and finally Box 3 relates to income from savings and investments (in Dutch: “inkomen uit sparen en beleggen”). 

The above information is prepared with utmost care, but it cannot be guaranteed that the rules have not changed since the date of publication or that your personal situation triggers the application of specific rules which deviate from the above. Before you use this information we therefore strongly recommend that you consult us to determine your personal Dutch income tax position. If you require our follow up, you can contact us via e-mail or call us at our offices in Amsterdam + 31 (20) 570 9440 or Rotterdam + 31 (10) 2010466.

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